How to Spot a Rare 1941 Nickel


Have you ever stumbled upon a 1941 nickel while flipping through your pocket change and wondered what makes it unique? U.S. nickels from this era are highly prized among collectors as rare, valuable finds.

Let’s take a closer look at the history of the 1941 Jefferson nickel and why it is both historically significant and worth more in today’s market than face value alone would indicate. But first, let’s explore some interesting facts about its production that make these coins unique.

A Brief History of the 1941 Nickel

The United States Nickel celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2016. Surprisingly to some, the nickel’s value was three cents before 1865. Before that, it represented the penny. So why does the 1941 Nickel get so much attention?

Jefferson Nickels are now valuable coins worth money to coin collectors, but they were not the original nickels. The design changed several times before reaching the 1941 Nickel. This included the Buffalo Nickel design and the Hobo Nickels.  

The 1941 nickel is a U.S. coin that was released in the middle of World War II when many metals were being diverted for wartime use.

Its composed of an alloy of copper and manganese instead of the usual copper-nickel mix used in pre-war nickels to conserve precious metal. It is incredibly collectible due to its unique composition, and coin values for the 1941 nickel range from around $5 to $8.

1941 jefferson nickel

Collectors and coin hobbyists seek this coin for its unique composition and mintage numbers, making it a popular item among coin enthusiasts of all kinds.

While relatively common as coins go, only 66,680,000 pieces were minted in 1941 compared to 84,670,000 dimes that year. This makes the 1941 nickel rarer than the dimes from that year, which can also make coin values higher.

Overall, the 1941 nickel is an interesting coin with a story. Its coin values are relatively affordable, making it a coin that just about anyone can appreciate and own. It’s worth researching the coin to learn its history and learn more about this fascinating piece of coinage!

1941 jefferson nickel

The Start of the Jefferson Nickels

By the 1930s, it was much more common to see portraits of past presidents occupy lower denomination coins. So after seeing the Buffalo Nickel design for 25 years, it was time for a change.

In 1938 we saw two significant nickel designs come out with Jefferson portraits. 

The U.S. Treasury Department started a competition for the nickel design that would feature the Thomas Jefferson portrait obverse of the coin and either the right side of Monticello or the Charlottesville, Virginia home on the reverse, along with the phrase, “E Pluribus Unum.”

1941 Jefferson Nickel

German American sculptor, Felix Schlag, would eventually win the competition, and not long after, production started in September of 1938. That design would remain intact until 2004. 

Felix designed the 1941 nickel as part of the “Renaissance of American Coinage” initiated by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr.

The design was intended to be a modern interpretation of the liberty theme used on coins since the early 19th century. Schlag’s design features a bust of Thomas Jefferson, the U.S. third president, on the obverse and a depiction of Monticello, Jefferson’s Virginia home, on the reverse.

jefferson nickel

The liberty theme was chosen to represent the values of freedom and democracy that were important to American society during the period. Treasury Secretary Morgenthau wanted to emphasize his concept of a “New Deal” coinage, which would be distinguished from the traditional classic liberty theme that had been used for decades.

The design was also meant to pay homage to Jefferson, one of the nation’s Founding Fathers and a champion of liberty and democracy. Schlag’s design was selected over other designs submitted by dozens of prominent sculptors and engravers, making it one of the most popular and recognizable designs in U.S. coinage history.

It was minted from 1941 to 1945 and then again from 1950 to 2003. It is still produced today as a commemorative piece.

full steps jefferson nickel

The Pre-War Nickel Composition

Even though the design would remain the same until 2004, the composition would not. It’s partly what makes the 1941 pre-war nickel so unique.

Before the U.S. Mint started replacing the composition of the old nickel in 1942, it was made up of 25% nickel and 75% copper.

The wartime nickel changed quickly to 56% copper, 35% silver, and 9% manganese. 

Stange how they got rid of nickel. Why?

Nickel was used in artillery production for ammunition during the war. Aside from the nickel composition, the war nickels have large Mint marks above the Monticello as opposed to any smaller ones. 

This was one of the differences that could easily distinguish between a pre-war and a during-war nickel in the Jefferson series. It’s also important to note that these nickels were mass-produced at the start of the war, with 100 million circulated. 

A very, very brief history of the 1941 nickel.

What Is the Value of a 1941 Jefferson Nickel?

It’s important to distinguish the nickels from one another because they can have a range of values. Some may be at most 7-10 cents, while others, as noted, have auctioned for over $5,000.

Here’s how to differentiate between nickels and their potential value as collectible coins.

Three U.S. Mint Locations

These old coins were minted in three separate locations across the U.S., causing several variations of the nickel.

Any nickels from the San Francisco Mint would have an S label on the coin. Any nickels from the Denver Mint would have a D on the design.

Interestingly enough, nickels were also struck at the Philadelphia Mint, but instead of a P, there was simply no mint mark on the coin’s reverse side.

That was until the 1970s when they made a sudden change. However, these are not from the 1941 era that coin collectors value. 

1941-S Jefferson Nickel

1941-s jefferson nickel
The 1941-S Jefferson Nickel. Look closely at the “tails” side of the coin. To the right of the Monticello building, there’s a tiny “S” mintmark. This indicates the coin was minted at the San Francisco Mint.

So what’s the value of a 1941-S nickel, and is it different than the value of a 1941-D nickel? 

When you come across 1941 nickels, look at the coins’ reverse. You might see an “S” marked on the right side of the coin in fine tiny print.

This is how you know you have a 1941-S. In terms of its value, the 1941-S nickel in poor condition is valued at around 55 cents. But before you discard it, consider this information. 

The better the coin’s condition, the more you will get for it. With the 1941-S Jefferson nickel, if it is in excellent condition, you are more likely looking at a price of around $150. 

1941-D Jefferson Nickel

1941-D jefferson nickel
The 1941-D Jefferson Nickel shows a tiny “D” stamped to the right of the Monticello building. Look closely!

1941-D Jefferson nickels in heavy circulation and worn may be valued around 10 to 20 cents. If it is in good condition, you could trade it in for $4 to $10. The record price? $11,400.

At the time of production, roughly 54,432,000 had been minted. The 1941-S and 1941-D mintages were produced much less than the Philly nickel. 

The Philadelphia Mint

It may seem discouraging, but the nickels minted in Philadelphia are less rare. Remember that if it has a P on it, it’s not from the era you are looking for. Or worse, it could mean that it is a complete fake.

For some reason, these mintless coins were produced at a much higher number than their counterparts. 

Two hundred million coins were produced, putting them on the lowest spectrum of coin collectors’ radar. These should be distinct from The Philadelphia Proofs, which can be worth quite a bit.

1941 jefferson nickel no mintmark
The Philadelphia-minted 1941 Jefferson nickel has no mintmark.

The 1941 Proof Nickel is valued higher than any coins we just discussed. These nickels were said to be produced just for coin collectors, and because of that, The United States Mint in Philly only made 18,720 proofs.

This is the rare pre-world war coin collectors reference to. In OK condition, the coin’s value is $50 to $100. The best mint state coins sell for $18,800.

Most Valuable 1941 Nickels

1941-S Jefferson Nickel $8,900

1941-D Jefferson Nickel $11,400

1941 – No Mint Jefferson Nickel $5,200

1941 Proof Jefferson Nickels $18,800

1941 nickel proof
1941 jefferson nickel proof
The 1941 Jefferson Nickel Proof

1941 Nickel Condition

Now that we understand some subtle differences between the nickels, we must understand various graded conditions.

Coin dealers or collectors have a set of standards that could make or break the value of your coin. Mint State Grade is where most of the value sits.

Jefferson nickels with full steps at the bottom of the Monticello building on the reverse are much more valuable. The clearly visible five or six steps, known as ‘Full Steps Jefferson nickels,’ are difficult to find, so keep your eyes peeled for them.

1941 nickel values

Mint State Grade

Mint State Grade is the best condition possible. When the portrait was designed, the nickel saw a lot of contouring done to the face, both high and low, on the coin.

The more you see this beautiful sketching, the better the condition is and the more likely it’s in Mint State Grade.

You can look for some wear and tear to determine the condition in two places. This is above the eyebrows and the ear in the portrait.

When you see some flatness and texture loss in these two areas, the condition will move to Extremely Fine Grade.

Fine Grade is where you lose all the fine lines designed in Jefferson’s hair, eye (eyebrow), and ear. You can still see the contour and outline, but more blending occurs here. 

Good Grade is better than one would think. It’s the lowest of scales when most of the lines have blurred. It’s considered a heavily worn condition with no real distinction between the hair and the face. 

1941 Nickel Errors

From the slightest die gouge to a distorted hub doubling and off-center strike, there are plenty of 1941 nickel error coins to look for.

1941 Nickels with Repunched Mintmarks

A few 1941 nickels were individually punched by hand, leading to mistakes by the workers at the mint. Common errors were upside-down and sideways-punched letters that needed re-punched.

After the manual punches, there were apparent double, triple, or even quadrupling of a few mintmarks.

1941 Doubled Die Nickels

Of all the 1941 error nickels, the doubled die is the most common. There’s a minor doubling of the letters on the reverse of the coins.

1941 Nickels with Die Cuds

Cracked dies that strike planchets will leave raised lines on coins. Any cracked die that strikes a coin at the rim is called a die cud. These error-strike nickels can be valued at $100 – $200.

Here’s a great video with a closer look at the 1941 nickel.

What is A 1941 Nickel Worth?

It can be challenging to examine the worth of a 1941 Jefferson nickel. It can be difficult for some of us to tell all the nickels apart. That’s why getting a second opinion for someone to examine the worth never hurts.

Remember that regardless of your coin, the condition will always be a significant factor in Jefferson nickel values.

Certain nickels will have rank over others, such as the 1941 Proof. On the opposite spectrum, we have the overly-produced Philedphia Mint with no mint marking.

Values of the 1941-S and the 1941-D will be highly dependent on the condition.

A Numismatic Treasure, The 1941 Nickel

The 1941 nickel is a numismatic treasure prized by coin collectors and historians. It’s the only year of issue for Jefferson nickels that contains any silver, making it a rare and valuable find.

The coin’s obverse (front) features Thomas Jefferson, while the reverse displays Monticello, his beloved estate in Virginia. Despite its age, the 1941 nickel’s design remains instantly recognizable today.

It was so popular that Monticello was featured on the reverse of all Jefferson nickels issued until 2003. With its blend of historical significance, patriotism, and beauty, the 1941 nickel is a timeless classic. It’s an essential part of any coin collection.


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