Top 5 Extraordinary and Most Expensive Pianos

Perhaps one of the best examples of a long-term investment is buying a grand piano. The most expensive piano in the world has several factors making it an attractive item to buy and hold.

Not only do you have the privilege of owning an incredible musical instrument, but if you choose the correct piano, it can be a solid asset to own, and enjoy for decades.

Why Are Pianos so Expensive?

Why are pianos so expensive? They are made by highly skilled artists using the highest quality craftsmanship you could imagine.

Pianos are incredibly complex and intricate musical instruments. From the woodwork to the ivory keys, hundreds and thousands of hours are spent constructing a single piano so it can be played with the perfect sound a musician will expect.

Another reason pianos are so expensive is the material is usually very high-end, rare, and delicate: hard rock maple, veneers, mahogany, top-grade spruce, and ivory.

Virtually every component of a piano uses material that’s not easily found in bulk at your local Home Depot.

Unbelievable craftmanship goes into the making of a Steinway grand piano. Take a tour of the Steinway & Sons factory narrated by John Steinway and see for yourself.

Many of the most expensive pianos in the world are grand pianos. In relation to the smaller “upright” piano, a grand has a much larger soundboard, longer strings, and fullness to the sound that upright pianos cannot compete with.

The larger soundboard allows a greater volume of air to move and creates a lower bass tone.

Historical Cultural Treasures

High-end pianos not only showcase some of the most exquisite craftsmanship in the world, but they also capture historical and cultural significance.

The Marilyn Monroe baby grand piano is an absolute treasure worth millions of dollars. As soon as Marilyn began earning money as a model, she began searching for a piano.

Marilyn’s mother had purchased an old piano for her when she was younger. Still, when her mother was taken to the hospital, all their belonging were taken away, including the piano.

Years later, Marilyn purchased an amazing baby grand, and it remained one of her most treasured items.

the first piano ever bartolomeo cristofori
One of the first pianos ever made. The Bartolomeo Cristofori dates back to 1720 in Florence, Italy. Image Credit – WikiMedia Commons

Signer Mariah Carey eventually purchased the piece of history. And if the piano was to be sold today, it’s anyone’s guess to the price tag of such a regarded instrument.

Marilyn Monroe’s baby grand piano could easily top the list of the most expensive piano if it were ever offered on the open market.

John Lennon’s Steinway Model Z piano has an estimated value of over $2 million. Lennon purchased the otherwise unremarkable piano for only 1,000 pounds in London in 1970.

He used the instrument to create his legendary song, “Image,” launching the piano’s historically epic status.

Do Pianos Appreciate in Value?

Pianos can appreciate or depreciate; it all depends on what you buy, when you buy it, and how much you paid for it.

A well-built piano can be one of the most expensive instruments you can possibly purchase. If you’re buying a brand new piano, there’s a chance it could depreciate over the next few years of ownership.

One of the biggest factors in depreciation is the manufacture and brand of the piano. Steinway, Fazioli, Yamaha, and Bosendorfer are a few of the leading high-end piano building names.

The top handmade brand name pianos will hold their value. If you venture away from quality brand names, you risk your purchase losing value due to quality issues.

Piano Appreciation or Depreciation

Wear and tear become an issue if you plan to play the piano, and depreciation can occur much faster.

Pianos must be maintained much like your car, with regular maintenance and tuning required to assure it’s kept in fine working condition. When parts need to be replaced or serviced, they can become very expensive quickly.  

With all the downside risks of owning a piano, there’s potential for price appreciation if you choose wisely. Like a vintage collector car, finding the right make and model and preserving it over the long term can potentially lead to the value of old pianos increasing.

There will always be a demand for incredibly well-built instruments assembled by the best craftsman in the world.

The Most Expensive Pianos in the World

The Casablanca Piano, $3.4 million

What’s the most expensive piano ever? The Casablanca Piano set an auction record in 2014. Bonhams auctioned off one of the most expensive pianos in the world when the miniature instrument from Casablanca sold for $3.4 million.

During one of the most iconic scenes where Ingrid Bergman, playing the part of Ilsa, asks Sam to play “As Time Goes By.”

The famous 58-key piano on wheels manufactured by Kohler & Campbell saw its moment to shine in the Hollywood spotlight.

casablanca piano
The Casablanca Piano

Red Pops Steinway, $1.9 million

Superstar musician Bono from the band U2 played a part in one of the most expensive piano sales ever.

The event was for charity, and all proceeds went to The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria in Africa. In 2006, Bono co-founded, an organization focused on creating innovative products using the color red to raise money and awareness to fight the AIDS epidemic.

During the event, the Steinway & Sons piano company donated an excellent one-of-a-kind unique piece of white and red piano made from maple, spruce, and cast iron.

To test the sound quality of the incredible piano, before the bidding, Bono and Chris Martin from Coldplay performed U2s “Beautiful Day” and Lou Reed’s “Perfect Day.”

The Red Auction raised a total of $13 million, including the sale of the Red Steinway one-of-a-kind piano, the most expensive item.

At the end of the event, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation matched the amount, for a total amount raised of $26 million for the event.

Red Pops Steinway
Red Pops Steinway Piano

The Crystal Piano, $3.2 million

One of the most expensive pianos in the world is the Crystal Piano, made by Heintzman & Co., which was purchased at an auction for $3.2 million by an anonymous bidder.

The piano was played by superstar piano player Lang Lang in front of more than a billion spectators during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games opening ceremony.

At the Olympic ceremony, Lang Lang played a rendition of the Yellow River Cantata. After the event, the piano was retired, making the Olympic appearance its only performance.

The Heintzman piano is made with real crystal and was specifically designed for large concert hall performances. The amazing nine-foot piano has a completely transparent body with a sleek, futuristic style.

the crystal piano
The Crystal Piano. Image Credit – Heintzman & Co.

Model Z – 2.3 million

George Michael purchased the Model Z piano in 1992, making it the most expensive piano in the world at the time.

The Steinway upright piano was considered a typical Steinway piano; however, it was once owned by John Lennon. Not only did John Lennon purchase the piano initially for $1,300, but he also used it to compose the famous song “Imagine” on it.

Current estimates for the Model Z piano are $8 to $12 million.

steinway model z lennon
The Steinway Model Z

The Galaxy Piano, $1.3 million

One of the most expensive pianos ever created is the Galaxy Piano.

In a world full of unique piano designs, this one might be the most eye-catching. Curved keys, an automatic lid, and a fiberglass body with 24-carat gold are a few features of this futuristic piano.

Only five Galaxy pianos were created by the UAE-based company. Most of the parts for the Galaxy instruments come from Germany, such as the keys, strings, and soundboard.

The ultra-luxury company sees itself as a craftsman for fine items, not an instrument company.

But that doesn’t stop the world’s best musicians from buying their products. Alicia Keys was rumored to have purchased at least one instrument from the piano maker.

The Kuhn Bosendorfer, $1.2 million

Famous glass sculptor John Kuhn was the mastermind behind another million-dollar piano creation.

With help from L. Bosendorfer Klaviefabrik, the seven-foot instrument includes ridiculous design elements such as diamonds with gold leaves and crystal.

When a famous glass sculptor is involved in piano design, you know there will be plenty of polished and shiny jewels. In fact, over 100,000 jewels polished by hand-cut glasses are incorporated into the epic piano.

The $1.2 million limited edition Kuhn Bosendorfer Grand Piano.

Sound of Harmony Concert Grand Piano, $1.6 million

After four years of construction and inlays of 40 different wood types, the Sound of Harmony Concert grand piano was finished.

It was custom designed by Chinese art collector Guo Qingxiang and was used at the Expo 2010 in Shanghai. The piano was built by Steinway & Sons using ebony, ashwood, and rosewood at their factory in Hamburg, Germany.

sound of harmony concert piano
The Sound of Harmony Concert Grand Piano by Steinway & Sons

The Crystal Piano, $3.2 million

One of the most expensive pianos in the world is the Crystal Piano, which was purchased at an auction for $3.2 million by an anonymous bidder.

The piano was played in front of more than a billion spectators during the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games opening ceremonies. After the event, the piano was retired, making the Olympic appearance its only performance.

The Almo-Tadema Steinway, $1.2 million

In 1887, Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema created a masterpiece. One hundred years later, one of the best piano brands in the world, Steinway and Sons, decided to build a re-creation of the amazing piano.

It features a mother of pearl inlaid pieces and incredible hand-carved lid, case, and legs. The Alma-Tadema Steinway piano was not always the most expensive piece, as it was listed for $54,000 originally.

But a few decades of price inflation and appreciation for the craftsmanship poured into the Alma-Tadema, launched its value to over one million dollars. I’m sure Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema would be amazed to see the stunning recreation of his original design.

Steinway & Sons Fibonacci, $2.4 million

The New York piano creator, Steinway, founded in the United States in 1853, assembled one of the most expensive pianos in the world. They revealed the Fibonacci, marking the company’s 600,000th piano produced.

This incredible work of art represents the Fibonacci Series proportion ratio, a numerological sequence that reflects the geometric harmony found in nature.

Designed by Franck Pollaro, the Fibonacci includes synthetic ivory inlays and a Fibonacci spiral made from six individual logs of Macassar ebony.

C. Bechstein Sphinx, $1.2 million

After over 1800 hours and 32 months of construction and the Carl Bechstein Sphinx was complete.

Valued at $1.2 million, it was designed as a historical replica of the first Bechstein piano built in 1886. Greek, Egyptian and Roman motifs are combined in the design.

During the Second World War, the Bechstein factories in Berlin were destroyed by American and British forces.

Elton John’s Model D Steinway – $915,000

The famous Steinway Model D piano owned by Elton John sold at a Heritage Auction for $915,000 in 2021.

The vintage piano was played by Elton John at the Live Aid performance in Dodger Stadium and was also used on tour with Queen in 1977. Not only was the Model D Steinway played at famous performances, but it was also signed by Sir Elton on the cast-iron frame.

More Amazing Piano Creations

There are so many more amazing pieces. The list of most expensive luxury pianos grows every year. Once you learn about one incredible piano maker, the path leads to five more amazing creations. Piano manufacturers are relentless in their pursuit of the next heart-stopping piano design.

Some of the most talented piano builders began as humble cabinetmakers and steadily raised their skills to the top of their field.

The La Mort Du Cygne piano was created by possibly one of the greatest cabinet makers in history, Louis Majorelle.

Four versions of the “La Mort du Cygne” were created. Two can be found as part of public collections. One will be auctioned soon, which could challenge the most expensive pianos in the world. A mysterious fourth version of the piano has yet to be located.

One of the most amazing street piano performances you will ever see. This street pianist puts on a stellar show.

Pianos placed in the right hands can be a source of amazing entertainment and enjoyment. Properly cared for and maintained, pianos can withhold value and even appreciate over long periods.

Old Piano Makers

What are the most famous old piano makers? Some are still in business, while others have gone away over the years, either through mergers or disolvement.

old piano makers
Antique Piano Makers

The Most Expensive Digital Pianos

Electric pianos have been around since the 1920s, but it took a few decades before they became mainstream.

Ray Charles began experimenting with digital sounds on a piano, and many other musicians followed along. Over time, hybrid pianos became popular, which included acoustic stings like a traditional piano, but also included digital functionality.

One of the most expensive digital pianos is the Yamaha CVP Clavinova, valued at $18,000.

Types of Acoustic Pianos

The two types of acoustic pianos are grand pianos and upright pianos. Grand pianos have strings and a frame extending horizontally.

The layout of acoustic grand pianos takes up more floor space, but when striking the keys, the hammer striking the strings produces sound, and gravity resets the keys.

Upright pianos, or vertical pianos, save floor space, making them more popular for homes. With the strings running vertically, a spring mechanism resets the keys.

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